Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, which was formerly known as Batavia during Dutch East Indies and Sunda Kelapa during Sunda Kingdom. Located on the northwest coast of the world’s most populous island of Java, Jakarta is the centre of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia, with a population of 10,075,310 as of 2014. Greater Jakarta metropolitan area, which is known as Jabodetabek (a name formed by combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi), is the second largest urban agglomeration and 2nd largest city area in the world after Tokyo, with a population of 30,214,303 inhabitants as of 2010 census.
Established in the fourth century as Sunda Kelapa, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies, and was known as Batavia at that time. The city is currently the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat.
Jakarta is listed as an Alpha Global City in the 2016 report of Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC). Based on the global metro monitor by the Brookings Institution, in 2014, the GDP of Jakarta was estimated at US$321.3 billion and economic growth was ranked 34th among the world’s 200 largest cities.